So far it has been a mild winter, keeping our midseason pond ice marginal for ice fishing and other topside activities. Some thoughts regarding ice safety on ponds: The usual rule is to wait for at least four inches of clear hard ice to form, and needing more if it is bubbly or soft.
A few weeks ago, we took a quick look back at the North American kayak as noted by early Europeans who visited the far North Country, and now recorded in the book “Bark Canoes and Skin Boats of North America” by Edwin Adney and Howard Chappelle.
Heating your house with firewood is sometimes rated as carbon neutral because it is solar energy via photosynthesis, stored as cellulose and lignin. And if the amount of carbon dioxide released by burning the wood is sequestered again by other trees growing where your wood came from, then there is opportunity to come close to creating a cycle with little long-term net impact on the atmospheric carbon dioxide balance.
Much of what we know today about the history of the American kayak we owe to two people: Edwin T. Adney and Howard Chappelle. Adney spent a lifetime studying northern Native watercraft, mainly the birchbark canoe.